American Society of Sugar Beet Technologists
Proceedings from the 5th Biennial Meeting
January 12-15, 1948
San Francisco, California
General Session
President's Report
     H. E. Brewbaker
 2 
Administration of the Sugar Act of 1948
     James H. Marshall
10
Report of the Secretary, Treasurer, Resolutions and "In Memoriam"
     C. R. Cormany and H. B. Walker
18
   
Recent Developments in the Control of Weeds
     W. W. Robbins
25
   
Fertilization of Sugar Beets
     Omer J. Kelley
31
   
A Resume of Sixteen Years of Sugar Beet Machinery Research
     H. B. Walker
37
   
Recent Developments in the Processing of Beet Sugar
     R. H. Cottrell
48
   
The Utilization of Sugar Beet By-Products for Livestock Feeding
     E. J. Maynard
59

 
Oral Presentations
 Seed Preparation  Plant Improvement  Plant Thinning  Agronomy  Factory Operations
Irrigation & Fertility  Weed Control  Entomology  Plant Pathology  Receiving & Storage
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
SEED GERMINATION AND PREPARATION
   
Chemical Loosening of Seed Caps in Relation to Germination of Sugar Beet Seed      
     C . F . Lackey
66
Field Compared with Blotter Germinations for Processed, Graded, Single and Double Germ Seed
     H. I.. Bush
70
 
Report of Seed Germination Committee
     Bion Tolman
78
 
Best Seed Germination Methods
     C. W. Doxtator and A. R. Downie
81
Outline of Material for Discussion at Seed Germination Symposium
     C. E. Cormany
83
 
Method of Germinating Segmented Sugar Beet Seed Used by the Great Western
Sugar Company

     H. B. Saxton
85
 
Method of Germinating Segmented Beet Seed
     H. B. Saxton
87
 
Some Field Conditions Which Influence Germination Technique
     Bion Tolman
93
 
The Effect of Pretreatment and Substrata on the Germination of Sugar Beet Seed   
     Alice M. Anderson
95
 
Beet Seed Decortication with a Commercial Huller
     R. S. Lambdin and WaIter Buckingham
100
 
Decorticated Seed -One Year's Experience
     J. G. English
102
   
Two Seasons' Experience with Beet Seed Decorticating Equipment
     R. J. Tingley
106
   
A Mechanical Spray Treater for Sugar Beet Seed
     Austin Armer
108
   
Experience with Decorticated Seed on 30,000 Acres
     Robert C. Brown
114
   
Stand Count Comparisons of Segmented and Decorticated Sugar Beet Seed
     G. E. Cormany and Donald F. Peterson
117
   
Present Status of Sugar Beet Seed Processing
     Roy Rainer
120
   
Comparison of Clipper and Eureka Cleaning Mills on the Sizing of Segmented Beet Seed
     C. W. Doxtator
125
   
   
PLANT IMPROVEMENT AND SEED PRODUCTION
   
Progress in Breeding Sugar Beets for Resistance to Aphonomyces Root Rot
     C. W. Doxtator and A. R. Downie
130
   
Progress Report on Breeding of Sugar Beets in Minnesota for Resistance to Black Root
     H. W.  Buckstahler and Oscar E. Reece
137
   
Comparative Reacttion of Sugar Beet Strains to Black Root in Field Tests at Blissfield, Michigan, and Waseca, Minnesota , 1947
     J. O. Gaskill, H . W . Bockstahler and Oscar E. Reece
142
   
Strains of Sugar Beets Extremely Resistant to Bolting
     J. S. McFarlane
151
   
Inheritance of Bolting Resistance 
     W. B. Marcum
154
   
UtiIization of Male Sterility in Breeding Superior Yielding Sugar Beets
     F. V. Owen
156
   
A Preliminary Test of the Efficiency of a Modified Gamete-Selection Method for Breeding Sugar Beets
     H. E Brewbaker and R. R. Wood
162
   
Report on 1947 Tests of U. S. 215 x 216 and of Other Varieties from Sugar Beet Leaf Spot Resistance Breeding Investigations of the U.S.D.A.
     G. H. Coons, Dewey Stewart, H W. Bockstahler, C. W. Deming, J C. Lill, S . B. Nuckols, O. E. Reece
166
   
A Promising Sugar Beet Hybrid of the Milpitas Wild Type X Commercial
     H. W. Dahlberg and H. E. Brewbaker
175
   
New Sugar Beet Strains from U. S. 22 with Higher Curly Top Resistance
     Albert M. Murphy, F. V. Owen and G. K. Ryser
179
   
A New Sugar Beet Variety, U. S. 5 6, for Fall and Winter Plantings in California
     Charles Price, F. V. Owen and Eubanks Carsner
181
   
Breeding Sugar Beets with Root Conformation Adapted to Machine Harvest
     C. W. Deming
187
   
Thermal Induction and Reversal in Relation to Beet Seed Production
     Ray, A. Pendleton
192
   
Increase in Root Weight of Sugar Beets During Their Reproductive Phase
     J. M. Fife and Charles Price
196
   
Spacing Sugar Beets for Seed Production
     Ray M. Pendleton
204
   
Fertilization and Time of Planting as Related to Yield of Sugar Beet Seed in the Hemet, California, Area
     Irwin E. Farrar
208
   
PLANTING AND THINNING
   
1947 Mechanical Thinning Tests
     Bion Tolman, Rona!d Johnson, A. J. Bigler, Grant Nichol, R. T. Nelson, C. P. Parrish, C. W. Doxtator amd H. P. H. Johnson
214
   
Stands Resulting from Low Seeding Rates of Decorticated Seed with a Precision Planter
     R. J. Tingley
221
   
Red River Valley Experience in Mechanizing Sugar Beet Growing and Harvesting
Operations-Season 1947

     0. A. Holkesvig
223
   
A Press Wheel Study to Improve Beet Seedling Emergence
     R. D. Barmington
225
   
Improvement of Sugar Beet Seedling Emergence by Planter Development
     S. W. McBirney
229
   
The Relationship of Seed and Cell Size to Planter Performance
     R. D. Barmington
240
   
GENERAL AGRONOMY
   
Space Relationships as Affecting Yield and Quality of Sugar Beets
     G. H . Coons
252
Effect of Spacing and Doubles on Yield of Sugar Beets in Michigan Area
     M. C. Frakes
269
   
What Is the Practical Spacing Pattern for Sugar Beets Grown in the Red River
Valley?

      A. W. Skuderna
271
   
Sugar Beet Yields from Varying Row Spacings and Acre Population
     C. W. Doxtator
276
   
The Effect of Variations in Row Width and Plant Populations on Root Yields and
Sucrose Percentage of Sugar Beets at Ft. CoIlins, Colo

     G. W . Deming
280
   
Row Widths and Sugar Beet Production
     Bion Tolman, Ronald Johnson and A. J. Bigler
282
   
Recent Experimental Results of Row Spacings and Field Population of Sugar Beets
     R . J. Tingley
287
   
Physiology of Growth and Mineral Intake of Sugar Beets
     M. M. Afanasiev, H. E Morris and E. E. Framm
290
   
Application of Liquid Fertilizers at Time of Planting
     Harvey P. H. Johnson
291
   
Effect of Fertilizers on Diseases and Yield of Sugar Beets Planted in Depleted Soil
     M. M. Afanasiev
294
   
Resuits on Different Seeding Rates of Sugar Beets as Affecting Yield and Hand Labor Requirements
     R . T. Nelson and R. R. Wood
300
   
Fertilizer Trials in Southeastern Colorado
     C. E. Cormany, E. P. Pattison and J. T. Alexander
304
   
A Preliminary Report on the Relative Efficiency of Some Phosphate Fertilizers on
Calcareous Soil

     J. L. Wursten.
308
   
Symptoms of Nutritional Disorders in Sugar Beets
     R. L Cook
316
The Relationship of Yield and Size of Beets to Sucrose Percentage of Beets Grown in Southern Alherta, Canada
     K. W. Hill
329
   
Crop Rotation Practice in the Red River Valley
      J. C. Tanner
335
   
The Effect of Temperature Upon the Growth and Yield of Sugar Beets
     L . T Pierce
338
   
Comparison of Various Chloride and Sulfate Salts as Fertilizers for Sugar Beets
     R . R. Wood and R T. Nelson
349
   
Sugar Beet Fertilizer Experiments on Recently Levelled Land
     Robert S. Whitney, D. W. Robertson and Robert Gardner
353
   
Simulated Hail Damage to Sugar Beets
     H. E. Morris
358
   
IRRIGATION AND SOIL FERTILITY
   
Plant Analysis as a Guide to the Nutrition of Sugar Beets in California
     Albert Ulrich
364
   
Interrelations of Moisture, Spacing and Fertility to Sugar Beet Production
     J. L . Haddock and Omer J. Kelley
378
   
Soil Fertility Studies in the Mountain States
     Bion Tolman, Ronald Johnson and A. J. Bigler
397
Harvest Results of Inorganic Fertilizer Tests on Sugar Beets Conducted in Four States, 1947
     R. T. Nelson, Robert Gardner, H. F. Rhoades, T. J. Dunnewald, J. C. Hide, R. R. Wood, J. A. Asleson, J. L. Mellor and F. V. Pumphrey
407
   
Summary of Fertilizer Results, 1947
      A. R. Downie
421
   
The Effect of Phosphate Fertilizer on Yield of Sugar Beets
      F. J. Hills and R. G. Veaco
427
   
WEED CONTROL  
   
Results with Pre-Emergence Spraying in Beet Field for Control of Wild Oats
     R. T. Nelson
432
   
Progress Report on Weed Control Studies at Fort Collins, Colorado
     G. W. Deming
435
   
Salt Sprays for the Control of Weeds in Sugar Beets in the Pacific Northwest
     Ray A. Pendleton and Virgil H. Freed
445
   
Results of Weed Control Experiments in Sugar Beet Fields in the Eastern Area in 1947 A Progress Report
      G . E . Nichol
450
   
Weed Control Studies on Sugar Beets Using Pre-Emergence Treatments
     S. W. McBirney
453
   
ENTOMOLOGY
   
Comparative Toxicity of Some New Insecticides to Beet Leafhoppers on Sugar Beets in Idaho. 1947
     T. R. Douglass, K. E. Gibson, H. C. Hallock and W. E. Peay
466
   
Field Insecticide Tests Against the Beet Leafhopper in Sugar Beets Grown for Seed
     Orin A. Hills, A. A. Mast and R. C. Wood
480
   
Beet Leafhopper Control with DDT Vapor Sprays
     L. G. Smith
487
   
Progress Report on the CommercIal Control of Lygus on the Sugar Beet Seed Crop in Arizona and New Mexico
     W. B. Murrow
493
   
Effect of Lygus Control on Seed Yields in Arizona. and New Mexico
     R. C. Wood
495
   
The Effect of Lygus Control on Seed Cleaning
      A. A. Mast
497
   
The Effect of Lygus Control on the Production of Elite Seed
     C. W. Doxtatol
499
   
Lygus Damage to Beet Seed in Varying Stages of Devclopmenl
     Orin A. Hills and Edgar A. Taylor
502
   
PLANT PATHOLOGY  
   
Soil Fumigation Work in 1947
     Gerald Thorne and Vernal Jensen
506
   
Observations on the Mechanics of Soil Fumigation
     F. H. Leavitt
509
   
Spray Treatment of Sugar Beet Seed
     L. D. Leach
514
   
Effect of Seed Treatments on Seedling Diseases of Beets Planted in the Greenhouse in Highly Infested Soil
      M. M. Afanasiev
520
   
Cooperative Seed Treatment Tests, 1947
     A. R. Downie
523
   
The Damagce Induced by a Severe Epidemic of Cercospora Leafspot on Susceptile and Resistant Varieties of Sugar Beets
     Dewey Stewart
528
   
Some Studies of Curly Top Virus in the Field
     N. J. Giddings
531
   
CHEMISTRY AND FACTORY OPERATION
   
Anthrone in Estimating Low Concentrations of Sucrose
     E. E. Morse
540
   
An Automatic Polariscope
     W. O. Bernhardt
547
   
Kinetics of Sucrose Crystallization
     William P. Whelan, Jr., Theodore T. Galkowski and Andrew Van Hook
552
   
Sugar End Operation on Ion Exchange Juice
     H. E . Ellison
557
   
Measurements of Sugar Yields and Losses of Speckels Sugar Company
     W. A. McCann
563
   
Some Studies on Continuous Carbonation
     R. A. McGinnis
573
   
The Chemistry of Lime Salts in Sugar Beet Juices
     J. Dedek.
595
   
A Continuous, Automatic Device for Alkalinity Measurement and Control
     E. E. Morse
611
   
Experience in the Treatment of Thick Juice with Calcium Chloride in Operations at
Missoula

     F. W. Weitz
618
   
The Continuous Sugar Detector
     Rudolph H. Larsen
624
   
Pulp Press Water Reclamation
     W. O. Weckel
629
   
A Small Scale Technique for Simulating Large Pile Conditions in Cooling and
Storing Sugar Beets

     Myron Stout and C. A. Fort
635
   
Michigan State College Sugar Beet Storage Experiment
     C. M. Hansen
641
   
Comparative Composition of Different Parts of the Sugar Beet Root
     C. A. Fort and Myron Stout
651
   
Sugar Beet Storage Experiment, 1947
     A. R. Downie
660
   
Permanent Beet Storage Installation Cost Studies
     G. W. Howard
665
   
1947 Results of Beet Storage Pile Ventilation
     L. J. Holmes
669
   
ION EXCHANGE
   
Observations on Ion Exchange Purification of Low Grade Syrups in Conventional
Beet Sugar Refining Methods

     E. F. Berry and Robt. S. Gaddie
674
   
High Pressure Evaporation
     Fred F. Coons
680
   
Full Scale Ion Exchange Operations at the Hardin Plant of the Holly Sugar Corporation
     E. A. Haagensen
690
   
Non-Sugars in Beet Juices Removable by Ion Exchange
     E. B. Fitch and J. W. Michener
696
   
Comments on Use of Ion Exchange Resins in Demineralizing Sugar Beet Juices
     C. A. Fort
705
   
Tetraphospho Glucosate as a Scale Inhihitor
     Somers Moore
709
   
De-Ionization and Beet Sugar Production at the Layton Sugar Company
     Lyle B. Porter
714
   
HARVESTING MACHINERY
   
Experience and Progress with International Sugar Beet Harvester
     J. L. Hipple
724
   
Sugar Beet Harvester Studies at the University of California
     J. B. Powers
727
   
Beater Type Topper Use 1947 In Nampa Nyssa District of the Amalgamated Sugar
Company

     Robert Van Horne and Read A. Wilkinson
731
   
Experiences During 1947 with the Scott-Urschel Beet Harvester
     P. A. Reeve
740
   
Observations on Mechanical Beet Harvesting in the Great  Western Sugar Company Area in 1947
     P. H. McMaster..
743
   
A Review of the 1947 Mechanical Harvest in California
     Austin Armer
749
   
Survey of Beet Sugar Agriculture in 1947
     P . B . Smith
752
   
Changing the Beet Root Shape to Conform to Mechanical Harvesting
     P. B. Smith
764
   
SUGAR BEET BY-PRODUCTS
   
Studies of Beet Top Silage Production in the Irrigated Rotation Experiments at the
Scottsbluff, Neb., Field Station, 1942-47

     Lionel Harris
770
   
Dehydrated Sugar Beet Leaves as a Feedstuff
     H. S. Wilgus, H. P. H . Johnson, A. L Esplin and P. B. Smith
778
   
Tests on Loss Reduction in Sliced Beet Pulp
     H.  R. Guilbert
791
   
Feeding Values of Sugar Beet By-Products
     E. J. Maynard
792