American Society of Sugar Beet Technologists
Proceedings from the 6th Biennial Meeting
Februrary 6 - 9, 1950
Detroit, Michigan
General Session
The Future of the Sugar Beet
     W. W. Robbins
2
Men of Faith
     Geoffrey S. Childs
 9
Sugar Beet Problems in the Netherlands, as Contrasted with Those in America               Henk Rictberg 15
   
A Survey of Sugar Beet Mechanization
     P. B. Smith
20
   
Production of By-Products of the Sugar Beet Industry
     Paul D. V. Manning, M. J. Blish
28
   
The Other End of the Factory
     James D. North
37

 
   

 
Oral Presentations
 Seed Preparation  Plant Improvement  Plant Thinning  Agronomy  Factory Operations
Irrigation & Fertility  Weed Control  Entomology  Plant Pathology  Receiving & Storage
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
SEED GERMINATION AND PREPARATION
   
A Continuous Spray-type Seed Treater
    
Robert A. Kepner, L. D. Leach
54
Experiences in the Practical Use of a Continuous Spray Treater
     L. A. Kloor
61
 
Three Years' Experience with Batch Spray Treating of Beet Seed
     Ralph S. Lambdin
69
 
Phygon Seed Protectant for Sugar Beets
     T. W. Brasfield, H. Douglas Tate
72
New Techniques in Seed Pelleting
     Phelps Vogelsang
76
 
The Use of Coated Seed in Modern Agriculture
     F. W. Burgesser
79
 
Beet Seed Standardization
     R. J. Tingley
85
 
Beet Seed Processing Problems at Rocky Ford, Colorado
     C. W. Doxtator
88
 
Experimental Studies Related to Seed Processing
     H. L. Bush
91
 
Moisture Content and Germination of Sugar Beet Seed
     F. H. Peto
97
 
Sulphuric Acid Scarification of Seedballs of Beta Trigyna and Other Beta spp  
     Dewey Stewart
100
   
PLANT IMPROVEMENT AND SEED PRODUCTION
   
Further Studies on the Inheritance of Black Root Resistance in Sugar Beets
     H. TV. Bockstahler, G. L. Hogaboam, C. L. Schneider
104
   
Breeding for Resistance to Root Rot Caused by Sclerotium Rolfsii
     N. Lawlor, Jr., C. W. Doxtator
108
   
1948-49 Progress in Breeding Sugar Beets for Resistance to Aphanomyces Root Rot
     C. W. Doxtator, A. R. Downie, J. F. Swink, D. Ogden, R. L. Bowman, J. C. Tanner
111
   
Cold Resistance in Sugar Beets
     R. R. Wood, H. E. Brewbaker, H. L. Bush
116
   
Effects of Freezing of Sugar Beets Being Overwintered in the Field for Seed Production in Western Oregon
     Ray A. Pendleton
122
   
Viability of Sugar Beet Seed Held in Cold Storage for 22 Years
     D. A. Pack, F. V. Owen
127
   
Some Effects of Plant Growth Regulators on Bolting and Other Responses of Sugar Beets
     Charles Price, Wm. S. Steivart, Louis C. Erickson
130
   
Chemical Methods for Breeding Sugar Beets
     H. W. Dahlberg
137
   
Soil Structure in Relation to Beet Growth
     Henk Rietberg
139
   
Sodium and Potassium Content of Sugar Beet Varieties in Some Western Beet Growing Areas
     C. W. Doxtator, F. R. Gallon
144
   
A Bolting Oddity in Sugar Beets
     J. F. Swink, C. W. Doxtator
152
   
Bolting in Annual Beets Induced by One-Half-Hour Supplemental Illumination During Long Winter Nights
     G. W. Ryser, Myron Stout, F.V. Owen
155
   
Monogerm Sugar Beets in the United States
     V. F. Savitsky
156
   
Embryology of Mono-and Multigerm Fruits in the Genus Beta L
     Helen Savitsky
160
   
A Genetic Study of 1949 Hybrids and their Inbred Parents
     H. L. Kohls
165
   
Evaluation Tests in 1949 of Hybrid 125
     H. L. Kohls
171
   
Hybrid Combinations Among Mother Line Progenies
     D. F. Peterson, C. E. Cormany
173
   
Sugar Beet X Beta Procumbens, the F1 and Backcross Generations
     Dewey Stewart
176
   
Recent Results with Sugar x Red Garden Beet Hybrids
     G. W. Deming
180
   
Performance of Three Male-Sterile Sugar Beet Hybrids
     Albert M. Murphy, G. K. Ryser, C. H. Smith, F. V. Owen
184
   
Methods of Utilizing the Male-Sterile Factor in Sugar Beet Seed Production
     Sam C. Campbell
187
   
The Sugar Beet Breeder's Problem of Establishing Male-Sterile Populations for
Hybridization Purposes

     F. V. Owen
191
   
A Method of Selection for Earliness of Root Development in Sugar Beets
     V. F. Savitsky
195
   
A Method of Determining Self-Fertility and Self-Sterility in Sugar Beets, Based Upon the Stage of Ovule Development Shortly after Flowering
     Helen Savitsky
198
   
A Quarter-Century of Progress in Sugar Beet Improvement by the Great Western Sugar Company
     H. E. Brewbaker, H. L. Bush, R. R. Wood
202
   
The U. S. 15 Variety of Sugar Beet
     G. H. Coons. Dewey Stewart. Charles Price, Harry A. Elcock
208
   
Report of 1949 Tests of U. S. 216 x 225 and Other Varieties from Sugar Beet Leaf Spot Resistance Breeding Investigations of the U. S. Department of Agriculture
     G. H. Coons, Dewey Stewart, H. W. Bockstahler, G. W. Denting, J. O. Gaskill, J. G. Lill, Charles L. Schneider
209
   
A Convenient Method for Preserving Sugar Beet Pulp for Analysis
     Charles Price, James M. Fife
218
   
PLANTING AND THINNING
   
The Extent of Sugar Beet Emergence Studies at Colorado A & M
     R. D. Barmington
222
   
"Getting Stands"
     O. A. Holkesvig
225
   
Physical Factors of the Soil Affecting Beet Seedling Emergence
     R. D. Barmington
228
   
Two Years of Planter Testing
     James H. Fischer
234
   
Adaptations for the Dixie in Down the Row Thinning
     L. W. DeWald
238
   
Yield Studies of Mechanically Thinned Sugar Beet Trials in California
     J. B. Larsen, S. S. Anderson, A. A. Armer
239
   
Union Sugar Company's Random Stand Reduction to Pre-determined Row Population
     Clarence Nielsen
243
   
A Year's Experience Using an Electric Eye Thinner
     L. J. Holmes
249
   
GENERAL AGRONOMY
   
Plant Population Experiments with Sugar Beets at Fort Collins, Colorado
     G. W. Deming
256
Cultural Experiments with Sugar Beets in Western Nebraska
     Lionel Harris, F. V. Pumphrey, H. F. Rhoads
261
   
Some Seed-Soil Moisture Studies with Sugar Beets
     J. R. Hunter, S. T. Dexter
270
   
Physiology of Growth, Sugar Accumulation and Mineral Intake of Sugar Beets
     M. M. Afanasiev, H. E. Morris, E. E. Frahm
275
   
Soil Compaction and Tillage Operation Effects on Sugar Beet Root Distribution and Seed Yields
     Ray A. Pendleton
278
   
Tillage Practices and Sugar Beet Yields
     R. L. Cook
286
   
Soil Management Practices for Sugar Beets Grown on Organic Soils
     J. F. Davis
294
   
Simulated Hail Damage to Sugar Beets 1948-49
     H. E. Morris
302
   
IRRIGATION AND SOIL FERTILITY
   
A Study of the Effects of Some Different Sods and Fertilizers on Sugar Beet Yields    
     C. M. Gregg, C. M. Harrison
306
   
Levels of Available Phosphate in Soils in Utah, Idaho, Washington, Montana and
South Dakota as Shown by Soil Tests

     Bion Tolman, R. S. Gaddie
311
   
Use of Available Phosphate Test as a Help in Determining Need of Phosphate        
     James Thorne, Dion Tolrnan
315
Utilization of Phosphorus From Various Fertilizer Materials by Sugar Beets in Colorado
     Sterling R. Olson, Robert Gardner, W. R. Schmehl, Frank S. Watanabe, C. O. Scott
317
   
Tracing During the Growing Season the Nitrogen, Phosphate, Potash and Refractometer Solids of Beets from Plots Receiving Varying Amounts of Nitrogen     
     M. G. Frakes, Alan Childs
332
   
Nutritional Status of Sugar Beets as Revealed by Chemical Analyses of Petioles      
     Jay L. Haddock
334
   
Plant Tissue Testing as a Guide to Side-Dressing Sugar Beets
     L. S. Robertson
348
   
Effect of Rate and Date of Nitrogen Application on Sugar Beets
     J. T. Alexander, C. E. Cormany
353
The Effect of Several Nitrogen Sources on Beet Sugar Yields in Kern County, California
     F. J. Hills, J. D. Axtell
356
   
Nitrogen Fertilization of Sugar Beets in the Woodland Area of California—I. Effects
Upon Glutamic Acid Content, Sucrose Concentration and Yield

     Albert C. Walker, Lucile R. Hac, Albert Ulrich, F. J. Hills
362
   
Nitrogen Fertilization of Sugar Beets in the Woodland Area of California—II. Effects
Upon the Nitrate-Nitrogen of Petioles and its Relationship to Sugar Production 
        
     Albert Ulrich
372
   
Effects of Growth-Promoting Substances on Sugar Beets
     J. T. Alexander, C. E. Cormany
390
   
A Report of Nutrient Spray Tests on Sugar Beets
     Andrew R. Downie, J. F. Swink
393
   
Effect of Some Growth-Regulating Substances on Sugar Beet Development
     R. T. Nelson
396
   
The Effect of Fertilization on the Glutamic Acid Content of Sugar Beets in Relation
to Sugar Production

     Lucile R. Hac, Albert C. Walker, Basil B. Dowling
401
   
Sand Culture Experiments with Sugar Beets
     Albert C. Walker, M. Louisa Long, Lucile R. Hac
412
   
Time and Method of Fertilization Application
     Bion Tolman and Staff
422
   
Fertilizer Placement for Sugar Beet Production
     Jesse L. Mellor, Harvey P. H. Johnson, Robert Gardner
428
   
Fertilizers Plowed Under Versus Soil Application at or After Planting
     Russell T. Nelson
436
   
Sugar Beet Fertilization in Wisconsin
     K. C. Berger
440
   
Summary of Fertilizer Results—1949
     Andrew R. Downie
445
   
The Production of Sugar Beets on a Saline Soil as Affected by the Type of Leaching
     Walter R. Heald, C.D. Moodie, Ross W. Learner
448
   
WEED CONTROL  
   
Use of IPC for Weed Control in Sugar Beets
     G. W. Deming
453
   
Effects of 2,4-D on Sugar Beets
     O. A. Holkesvig
456
   
Weed Control Studies on Sugar Beets
     Virgil H. Freed, Ray A. Pendleton
459
   
Latest Developments in the Use of Herbicides for Selective Weed Control in Beets   
     B. H. Grigsby, L. M. Stahler
463
   
Control of Annual Grasses in Sugar Beets
     L. E. Warren
468
   
Some New Ideas for Weed Control
     Harvey P. H. Johnson
473
   
ENTOMOLOGY
   
Soil Fumigation of Sugar Beets for the Control of Sugar Beet Root Maggot
     Vernal Jensen, C. P. Parrish
478
   
The Sugar Beet Nematode in Michigan
     H. W. Bockstahler
479
   
Lygus Damage to Sugar Beet Seed in Various Stages of Development
     Orin A. Hills, Edgar A. Taylor
481
   
Effect of the Say Stink Bug on Maturing Sugar Beet Seed
     Orin A. Hills, Edgar A. Taylor
488
   
Flea Beetle Control in the Montana District Ford
    T. Scalley, Rowland M. Cannon
491
   
Survival of the Beet Leafhopper in Southern Idaho During the Severe Winter of 1948-49
     J. R. Douglass, V. E. Romney, H. C. Hallock
494
   
PLANT PATHOLOGY  
   
Savoy, a Virus Disease of Beet Transmitted by Piesrna Cinerea
     G. H. Coons, John E. Kotila, Dewey Stewart
500
   
Combination and Separation of Curly-Top Virus Strains
     N. J. Giddings
502
   
Effect of Fertilization on Recovery of Transplanted Diseased Sugar Beet Seedlings
Under Greenhouse Conditions

     M. M. Afanasiev
508
   
Continued Greenhouse Experiments in Row Treatment of Soil for Control of Blackroot of Sugar Beet Seedlings
     A.A.Hildebrand, W. E. McKeen, L. W. Koch
509
   
Field Results in 1949 Following Row Treatment of Soil with Tetramethyl Thiuram
Disulphide for Control of Blackroot of Sugar Beet Seedlings

     A. A. Hildebrand, W. E. McKeen
515
   
CHEMISTRY AND FACTORY OPERATION
   
American Beet Sugar in 1775?
     H. W. Dahlberg
520
   
Scale Reading—Brix Conversion Table for the Bausch and Lomb Precision Refractometer in the Normal Weight Solution Method of Analysis of Sugar Products     
     F. W. Weitz
522
   
Control of Evaporator Scaling Through Application of Sodium Alginate Protection     
     Frank N. Rawlings
528
   
Three Years Experience with Commercial Organic Scale Inhibitors
     Robert S. Gaddie
532
   
The Relationship of Sugar Moisture to Relative Humidity
     J. E. Maudru, T. E. Paxson
538
   
Delayed Sucrose Analysis of Pulped Beet Samples
     C. E. Cormany
541
   
Recovery of Waste Ammonia in Ion Exchange Operation
    Robert H. Cotton, Guy Rorabaugh, W. A. Harris
544
   
Ion Exchange Behavior of Two-Boiling System at Layton Sugar Company
    Donald M. Stromquist
549
   
Simplified Sugar End Operation on Deionized Juices
     Harold E. Ellison
554
   
Ion Exchange Operations — Hardin, 1949 Campaign .
     J. E. Maudru
558
   
Second Carbonation Studies Based on Commercial Application of the "Effective Alkalinity" Concept
     Hugh Rounds
561
   
Composition of Beets Grown in Widely Separated Areas
     H. W. Dahlberg
565
   
Size Distribution of Sugar Crystals
     Andrew VanHook
570
   
Aconitic Acid in Sugar Beets
     Lloyd W. Norman, James H. Turner, Robert H. Cotton
577
   
Organic Acids in Sugar Beet Diffusion Juices
     J B. Stark, A. E. Goodban, H. S. Owens
578
   
Fluid Clutch Motor-Driven Centrifugals
     Joseph Hertrich
584
   
The Oliver Morton Battery
     W. W. Conner
592
   
BEET RECEIVING AND STORAGE
   
Improving Screens for Trash and Dirt Elimination in Sugar Beet Receiving Equipment
     Read A. Wilkinson
596
   
The Molnau Sugar Beet Cleaning Screen
     P. T. Robinson
607
   
Development and Application of an Axial Flow Trash Separator
     Austin. Armer
608
   
Attachments to Scott-Urschel Sugar Beet Combine to Improve Dirt and Trash Removal
     Lee J. Talladay, Perc A. Reeve
615
   
Pre-Harvest Sampling for Estimating Commercial Production by a Randomized Method — Nine Years' Results for Great Western Sugar Company Territory
     H. L. Bush, H. E. Brewbaker
622
   
The Distribution of Air in Sugar Beet Stock Pile Ventilation Systems
     C. M. Hansen
629
   
Commercial Ventilation of Beets in Storage
     L. P. Orleans, Robert H. Cotton
637
   
1949 Results of Ventilated Storage of Sugar Beets
     Andrew R. Downie, L. J. Holmes, H. E. Knapp, A. G. Quamme, O. A. Holkesvig
640
Observations on the Dehydration of Beets After Receiving and During Storage in
Northern Montana

     Rowland M. Cannon
642
   
Heat and Moisture—Transfer Studies in Relation to Forced Ventilation of Insulated
Columns of Sugar Beets

     Myron Stout
647
   
Effects of Wilting, Drought and Temperature Upon Rotting of Sugar Beets During Storage
     John O. Gaskill
653
   
Respiration and Spoilage Studies Employing a Modification of Method Developed by Stout and Fort
     R. T. Nelson, R, R. Wood
660
   
Possibilities for Improving Storage-Rot Resistance of Sugar Beets Through Breeding
     John O. Gaskill
664
   
Studies on the Respiration of Sugar Beets as Affected by Bruising, by Mechanical Harvesting, Severing into Top and Bottom Halves, Chemical Treatment, Nutrition
and Variety

     Myron Stout, C. H. Smith
670
   
Progress Report on the Effects of Nutrition, Bruising and Washing Upon Rotting of
Stored Sugar Beets
.
     John O. Gaskill
680
   
HARVESTING MACHINERY
   
Some of the Farm Economic Aspects of Sugar Beet Mechanization
     H. L. Stewart
688
   
Engineering Developments on the International Sugar Beet Harvester
     J. L. Hippie
696
   
Development of a Simplified Tractor-Mounted Sugar Beet Harvester
     E. F. Blackwelder
698
   
Experiences with Mechanical Harvesters and Beet Top Baling
     Art Johnson
701
   
Sugar Beet Harvester Performance in American Crystal Sugar Company Territory in 1949
     Edward L. Swift
704
   
SUGAR BEET BY-PRODUCTS
   
Studies of Sugar Beet Top Silage in Lamb Fattening Rations
     Lionel Harris, M. A. Alexander
708
   
Observations on Utilization of Sugar Beet Tops by Livestock
     E. J. Maynard
716