American Society of Sugar Beet Technologists
Proceedings from the 7th Biennial Meeting
Februrary 5 - 8, 1952
Salt Lake City, Utah
General Session
The Role of Sugar Beet Technology Under the Sugar Act
     Robert H. Shields
6
Research Work in Sugar Beet Breeding
     H. W. Dahlberg
 10
Factors Affecting Healthy Roots
     Cecil H. Wadleigh
15
   
The Beet Sugar Industry
     A. W. Skuderna
22
 
   

 
Oral Presentations
 Agronomy  Genetcis  Disease & Insects  Ag Engineering  Factory Operations
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Section A -AGRONOMY
   
Petiole Sampling of Sugar Beet Fields in Relation to Their Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium and Sodium Status
     Albert Ulrich, F. J. Hills
32
Effect of Various Nutrient Levels of Soil and Foliar Spray Applications on Sugar Beet Yields     
     George R. McQueen
46
   
Effect of Saline and Alkali Soil on Growth of Sugar Beets
     C. H. Wadleigh.  A. D. Ayers,  C. A. Bowuer
50
   
Influence of Sodium Bicarbonate on Mineral Composition on Red Garden Beets
     C. H. Wadleigh,  J. W. Brown
54
   
Effect of Irrigation Practices Upon the Nitrogen Metabolism of Sugar Beets
     Albert C. Walker, Lucile R. Hac
58
   
Variability of Open-Pollinated, Inbred and Hybrid Sugar Beet Varieties in Greenhouse Experiments
     Albert Ulrich
67
   
Growth and Development of Open-Pollinated, Hybrid and Inbred Sugar Beet Varieties in Controlled Climates
     Albert Ulrich
73
   
Rate of Photosynthesis in Young Sugar Beet Plants
     F. W. Went
85
   
The Effects of Maleic Hydrazide and 2,4-D on Sugar Beet Growth and Sugar Content in Certain Field Experiments
     D. Ririe,  D. S. Mikkelsen,  R. S. Baskett
86
   
Some Effects of Preharvest Foliage Sprays of Maleic Hydrazide on the Sugar Content and Storage Losses of Sugar Beets
     S. H. Wittwer,  C. M. Hansen
90
   
Two Years' Results Evaluating Effect of Preharvest Sprays of Maleic Hydrazide on Respiration and Spoilage of Sugar Beets
     Myron Stout
95
   
Effects of Preharvest Sprays of Maleic Hydrazide on Sugar Beets
     F. H. Peto, W. G. Smith,  F. R. Loiu
101
   
Effect of Frost on Sugar Content in Beets
     F. H. Peto
108
   
Induction of Reproductive Development in Sugar Beets by Photothermal Treatment of Young Seedlings
     John O. Gaskill
112
   
Trials with Herbicides for Weed Control in Sugar Beets
     R. T. Nelson
121
   
Results with T.CA. on Barnyard Grass Control in Sugar Beets in Montana and Wyoming
     C. E. Cormany,  E. G. Eckroth
126
   
Results of Experiments on Chemical Weed Control in Sugar Beets
     A. R. Doxonie,  D. B. Ogden,  J. C. Tanner
128
   
Results Obtained by Sugar Beet Growers Through the Use of TCA for the Control of Pigeon Grass in Southern Minnesota and Northern Iowa During 1951
     P. T. Robinson, A. G. Quamme
134
   
Correlation Between Soil Type and Rates of Sodium TCA and 3-Chloro IPC Application for Pre-emergence Grass Control
     Roger Blouch, J. L. Fults
136
   
Chemical Control of Annual Grasses in Alfalfa, Sugar Beets, Onions, and Certain Truck Crops
     Roger Blouch, J. L. Fults, B. J. Thornton
137
   
Reclamation of a Saline-Alkali Soil by Leaching and Gypsum Treatments Using Sugar Beets as an Indicator Crop
     Louis C. Boawn, Fred Turner, Jr., C. D. Moodie, C. A. Bower
138
   
Bed Planting of Sugar Beets
     R. S. Lambdin, A. A. Armer
146
   
The Influence of Soil Structure on the Yield of Sugar Beets
     H. Rietberg
150
   
Effect of Type of Phosphate Materials and Method of Application on Phosphate Uptake and Yield of Sugar Beets
     W. R. Schmehl, Sterling R. Olsen, Robert Gardner
153
   
The Nitrogen Requirement of Sugar Beets
     Jay I.. Haddock
159
   
Sugar Beet Leaf Analysis Survey in Five Western States
     F. S. Fullmer
166
   
Ten Years' Results from the Ferden Rotation and Crop Sequence Experiment
     L. S. Robertson, R. L. Cook, P. J. Rood, L. M. Turk
172
   
The Responses of Sugar Beets to Fertilizers, Spacing, and Irrigation on Eastern Oregon Soils
     Albert S. Hunter, John A. Yungen
180
   
The Response of Sugar Beets to Fertilizers in Western South Dakota
     Bruce L. Baird
189
   
A Survey of Soil Organic Matter Levels and Their Relationship to Nitrogen Needs
     Bion Tohnan, Robert S. Gaddie, Ronald C. Johnson
196
   
Effect of Nitrogen Supply on the Sucrose Percentage of Sugar Beets
     Kenneth Wilford Hill
201
   
Fertilizer Side-Dressing Studies on Sugar Beets in Southern Alberta
     K. W. Hill, S. Dubetz
207
   
Fertilizers, Farming Practices and Rotation
     Earl Q. Marsing
212
   
Soil Conditions Affecting Infiltration of Water and Root Development of Crop Plants
     L. D. Doneen, D. W. Henderson
214
   
The Effect of Alfalfa on the Yields of Non-Leguminous Crops in a Rotation
     Robert Gardner, D. W. Robertson
224
   
Irrigation Practice as it Affects Fertilizer Requirements, Quality and Yield of Sugar Beets     
     D. Boyd Archibald, Jay L. Haddock
229
   
Fertilizer Studies with Sugar Beets in South Central Montana
     W. E. Larson
237
   
The Effect of Reduced Emergence Upon the Proportion of Singles and Doubles in Field Stands of Sugar Beets
     L. D. Leach, Roy Bainer
244
   
Possibilities of Improved Nitrogen Fertilization of Sugar Beets Through the Use of
Leaf Analysis

     W. R. Duckworth, F. J. Hills
252
   
A Study of the Effects of Seven Systems of Cropping Upon Yields and Soil Structure
     L. S. Robertson
255
   
The Relative Feeding Value of Dried Molasses Beet Pulp Produced with Various Types of Saccharate Filtrates :
     W. E. Connell
265
   
Pelleting Dried Molasses Beet Pulp
     E. J. Maynard
269
   
New Developments in Beet Top Conservation with Machine Harvest :
     Lloyd Olsen
273
   
Sugar Beet Top Food Values Saved by Mechanical Methods
     R. D. Barmington, L. E. Jenneke, D. M. Stevens
275
   
Preliminary Experiments with Feeding Beet By-Products to Cattle
     W. A. Harris, Robert H. Cotton
281
   
The Value of the Beet Top Crop
     H. M. Bauserman, C. W. Doxtator
290
   
GENETICS AND VARIETY IMPROVEMENT
   
A Comparison Between Corn and Sugar Beet Breeding Methods
     Russell T. Johnson
296
   
Chemical Constituents of Five Varieties Grown in Six Midwestern Factory Areas
     C. W. Doxtator, H. M. Bauserman
307
   
Improvement of Processing Quality of Sugar Beets by Breeding Methods
     R. J. Brown, R. R. Wood
314
Parent-Progeny Tests for Sodium and Potassium Content
     C. W. Doxtator, H. M. Bauserman
319
   
Relationship Between Root Weight, Glutamic Acid and Sucrose Content of Inbred Lines of Sugar Beets
     Lucile R. Hac, M. Louisa Long, Gilbert A. St. John. Albert C. Walker
322
   
A Genetic Study of Monogerm and Multigerm Characters in Beets
     V. T. Savitsky
331
   
Selective Fertilization Studies and Recovery of Self-sterile from Self-fertile Races of Monogerm Sugar Beets
     Helen Savitsky
339
   
Methods and Results of Breeding Work with Monogerm Beets
     V. F. Savitsky
344
   
Inbred Seed Production in Progeny Classification for Type O Plants in Open-Pollinated Varieties
     Donald F. Peterson
351
   
Sugar Percent in Progenies Derived from Hybrids to Monogerm Sugar Beets
     G. K. Ryser, V. F. Savitsky
354
   
Influence of Geographical Locations and Type of Bag on Selfed-Seed Setting for
Sugar Beets

     R. K. Oldemeyer, H. L. Bush
360
   
Observations on F2 and F3 Generations of the Sugar Beet Hybrid, Leaf-Spot Resistant Multigerm X Monogerm SLC 101
     Dewey Stewart
364
   
Mendelian Male Sterility in Sugar Beets
     F. V. Owen
371
   
Attempts to Induce Parthenogenesis in Sugar Beets
     Joseph Namazie, H. L. Kohls
377
   
A New Leaf-Spot-Resistant Variety
     Donald F. Peterson, C. E. Cormany
382
   
A New Non-Bolting, Curly-Top Resistant Sugar Beet Variety, U. S. 75
     J. S. McFarlane, Charles Price
384
   
Breeding for Resistance to Curly Top in Hybrids with Monogerm Beets
     Albert M. Murphy, V. F. Savitsky
387
   
Performance of F1 Hybrids Between Curly-Top Resistant and Curly-Top Susceptible Sugar Beets—
     Albert M. Murphy, George K. Ryser, F. V. Owen
390
   
Reaction of Sugar Beet Strains to Aphanomyces Cochlioides at Three Different Locations
     A. R. Downie, C. W. Doxtator, J. F. Swink, D. Ogden, R. L. Bowman, J. C. Tanner
393
   
Progress Report on Breeding for Storage-Rot Resistance in Sugar Beets
     John O. Gaskill
396
   
Preliminary Studies Applicable to Selection for Low Respiration and Resistance to
Storage Rots of Sugar Beets

     R. T. Nelson, R. K. Oldemeyer
400
   
Selection for Cold Tolerance and Low Temperature Germination in Sugar Beets
     R. R. Wood
407
   
Heritable Differences in Germination of Sugar-Beet Seed at Low Temperatures
     C. H. Smith
411
   
Breeding for Resistance to Downy Mildew in Sugar Beets
     J. S. McFarlane
415
   
Adaptation of the IBM Card System to Analysis of Sugar-Beet Varietal Data
     George K. Ryser, Bliss H. Crandall
421
   
Measurement of the Difference Between "Sugar Type" and "Yield Type" Beets        
     Albert C. Walker, Lucile R. Hac, Charles Price
426
   
Sugar Beet Types Based on Internal Morphology
     Ernst Artschwager
434
   
Effect of Bolters on Weight and Sucrose Percentage of Sugar Beets
     R. T. Nelson, G. W. Deming
441
   
Report of the 1951 Evaluation Tests of Leaf Spot and Black Root-Resistant Sugar Beet Varieties of the United States Department of Agriculture
     G. H. Coons, Dewey Stewart, H. W. Bockstahler, G. W. Deming, J. O. Gaskill, J. G. Lill, C. L. Schneider
445
   
Result of Field Tests with Triploid Sugar Beets in 1951
     Dewey Stewart, J. O. Gaskill
452
   
Population and Distribution of Sugar Beets and Table Beets as Related to Seed Production
     R. A. Pendleton
454
   
The Dispersion of Pollen in Sugar Beet Seed Plots
     Deivey Stewart, S. C. Campbell
459
   
Polyploid Sugar Beets — Cytological Study and Methods of Producing
     Helen Savitsky
470
   
An Improved Method of Packing Sugar Beet Roots to be Stored for Breeding Purposes
     J. M. Fife, Charles Price
477
   
Report of Indexing of Inbreds 482
   
SECTION C- Entomology and Plant Pathology  
   
Experiments on Control of the Sugar-Beet Root Maggot
     E. W. Jones, J. R. Douglass, C. P. Parrish, Vernal Jensen
490
   
Effect of DDT on Beet Leafhoppers, Curly Top, and Yields of Sugar Beet Varieties     
     Albert M. Murphy, J. R. Douglass
497
   
Comparative Toxicity of Some New Insecticides to the Beet Webworm in Colorado,
1951

     J. R. Douglass, Van E. Romney
503
   
Control of the Salt Marsh Caterpillar in Sugar Beets Grown for Seed
     A. A. Mast, W. B. Morrow
507
   
Effects of Crop Rotation on the Incidence of Root-Knot Disease of Sugar Beets in Western Nebraska
     M. O. Schuster, Lionel Harris
511
   
Host Range of the Root-Knot Nematode of Western Nebraksa
     M. L. Schuster
519
   
Some Host and Vector Relationships of the Curly-Top Virus
     N. J. Giddings
525
   
Anatomical Studies of Injury to Sugar Beets Induced by Three Strains of the Curly-Top Virus
     Charles F. Lackey
532
   
Virus Yellows in Western Europe
     H. Rietberg
536
   
Sugar Beet Virus Yellows Situation in the United States
     C. H. Coons
540
   
The Effect of Certain Soil-Row Treatments on Damping-off of Sugar Beet Seedlings Caused by Specific
     Fungi F. J. Hills, L. D. Leach
549
   
Soil Treatment for Control of Black-Root of Sugar Beets
     N. R. Gerhold, W. J. Henderson, J. A. Twomey
554
   
Cooperative Field Testing of Strains of Sugar Beets for Resistance to Several Root Rotting Organisms
     A. R. Downie, M. L. Schuster, R. K. Oldemeyer
557
   
Resistance and Soil Treatments for Control of Rhizoctonia of Sugar Beets
     M. M. Afanasiev, H. E. Morris
562
   
The Effects of Preceding Crops and Nutrients on the Growth and Seedling Diseases of Sugar Beets in Montana
     H. E. Morris, M. M. Afanasiev
568
   
Effect of Temperature on Rate of Rotting of Sugar-Beet Tissue by Two Storage Pathogens
     John O. Gaskill, Carl E. Seliskar
571
   
A Study of Two Methods of Testing Individual Sugar Beet Roots for Resistance to
Storage Pathogens

     John O. Gaskill
575
   
Agricultural Engineering  
   
1951 Mechanical Thinning of Sugar Beets at Colorado A 8c M Gives Encouraging Results
     John E. Dixon, R. D. Barmington
582
   
A Report on Tests of Mechanical Weeding and Thinning Equipment in Michigan
    George W. French
586
   
The Extent of Spring Mechanization in the Eastern Beet Area, 1951
     George W. French
591
   
Experiences with Spring Mechanization
     E. P. Pattison
593
   
Mechanical Thinning on the Company Farm in the Red River Valley
     O. A. Holkesvig
596
   
Results Obtained from Mechanical Thinning of Sugar Beets in the Eastern Area of the United States in 1951
     M. G. Frakes
598
   
Planting, Mechanical Thinning and Weeding
     Lyman H. Andrews
603
   
Technique of Coloring Sugar Beet Seed for Treatment Identification
     L. A. Kloor
609
   
Soil Row Treatment at Planting Time Austin
     A. Armer
611
   
A Seed Metering Device for Planting Experimental Plots
     C. E. Cormany, Wayne Baker
614
   
A Progress Report of Planter Tests in Michigan
     George W. French
615
   
Custom Harvesting in California
     C. C. O'Hara
620
   
Performance of Various Makes of Beet Harvesters in American Crystal Areas            
     George W. Nixon
622
   
The Mechanical Harvesting of Beets and Tops in Great Western Territories
     James R. Mason
625
   
Two Screens for Receiving Stations and Their Trash Removing Properties
     E. M. Daniels
631
The Performance of the 1951 Models of the Molnau Screen
     J. W. Axelson, G. E. Claassen
637
   
Piling of Beets from Railroad Cars
     Austin A. Armer
641
   
Large Scale Supplemental Ventilation of Sugar Beets Stored for 106 Days
     Robert S. Gaddie, Rion Toltnan
644
   
Beet Shed Ventilation in California
     Louis P. Orleans, Robert H. Cotton
648
   
Ventilation of Storage Beets by Forced Air
     A. G. Quamme
652
   
Radiant Ray Frost Protection as Applied to the Exposed Face of Sugar Beet Storage Piles Read
     A. Wilkinson
655
   
Beet Receiving and Storage
     Lyman H. Andrews
660
   
Experimental Presswheels
     James H. Fischer
665
   
Sugar Beet Weeder
     R. D. Barmington
667
   
The Bye-Hoe—A New Row-Crop Cultivator
     Arthur Johnson
670
   
Spring Tools 672
   
Marihart Thinner 674
   
A Measure of 1951 Mechanical Thinning
     James H. Fischer
676
   
CHEMISTRY AND FACTORY OPERATION
   
The Improvement in First Carbonation Station Operations at Moorhead, Minnesota   
     J. F. Price
678
   
Adaptation of the Spectrophotometer to the Analysis of Water
     H. M. Bauserman, Rob Roy Cerney, Jr
681
   
Composition of Certain Beet Diffusion Juices from the 1950 Campaign
     J. B.Stark, A. E. Goodban, H. S. Owens
688
   
Lime-Salts Determination by Direct Colorimetric Titration
     Robert R. West, Robert S. Caddie
692
   
A Simple Method for the Determination of Clostridium Thermosaccharolyticum in
Sugar

     A. Wendell Holmes, Paul S. Nicholes
696
   
A Study of Siloed Beet Pulp
     James H. Turner, John Nigro, Robert H. Cotton
700
   
The Manufacture of Liquid Sugar from Granulated
     A. P. Anderson
705
   
Exchange of Factory Operating Data
     P. W. Alston
709
   
Determination of Sucrose in Sugar Beets
     P. W. Alston
710
   
Development of Sugar Evaporator Scale Preventatives
     R. C. Ulmer, P. M. Caro
712
   
Handling and Treatment of Dried Beet Pulp
     C. D. Fox
719
   
Direct Filtration of First Carbonation Juice
     Hugh G. Rounds, Robert B. Thompson
724
   
Recovery of Granular Fertilizer from Ion Exchange Spent Regenerants
     J. R. Johnson
729
   
The Necessity for Developing Adequate Pilot Plant Facilities for the Advancement of Beet Sugar Technology
     Frank N. Rowlings
733
   
Bacteria Investigations in a Silver Diffusor
     J. E. Maudru
738
   
"Angola" Filters for Sugar Filtration
     Hans W. Forster
744
   
Chemical Aids to Carbonation Mud Settling and Filtration
     Somers Moore
752
   
The "Floc" Problem in Beet Sugar
     F. M. Sabine
760
   
"Floc" in White Sugar
     J. E. Maudru
764
   
Mud and Trash Handling
     R. M. Daniels
765
   
The Steffen Process—Practical Application of Basic Principles
     Avery A. Clark
769
   
Notes on Symposium on Carbonation
     P. W. Alston
773
   
Symposium on Effective Alkalinity
     Hugh G. Rounds
775