American Society of Sugar Beet Technologists
Proceedings from the 8th Biennial Meeting
Februrary 2 - 5, 1954
Denver, Colorado
General Session
 Agronomy
Oral Presentations
 Agronomy  Weed Control  Disease & Insects  Ag Engineering
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Agronomy
   
Effect of method of application of double superphosphate on the yield and phosphorus uptake by sugar beets
     W. E. Larson
25
A study of the effect of magnesium sulfate on yield and sucrose content of sugar beets
     E. M. Hoist, C. E. Cormany
32
   
Response of sugar beets to nitrogen fertilizer in the Imperial Valley, California
     B. A. Krantz, A. J. MacKenzie
36
   
The effect of fertilizer treatments upon yield and sugar content of sugar beets at Garden City, Kansas
     Carl W. Carlson, Roy B. Herring
42
   
The application of petiole analysis to sugar beet fertilization
     D. Ririe, A. Ulrich, F. J. Hills
48
   
Anhydrous ammonia, the effect of time, rate and technique of its application in the production of sugar beets
     F. H. Leavitt, R. L. Stier
58
   
Response of yield-type versus sugar-type sugar beet varieties to soil nitrogen legels and time of harvest
     F. J. Hills, L. M. Burtch, D. M. Holmberg, A. Ulrich
64
   
Cropping and fertilization practices for the production of sugar beets in Western Nebraska
     H. F. Rhoades, Lionel Harris
71
   
The fertility balance in a ten-year sugar beet rotation after forty-two years of cropping
     S. Dubetz
81
   
Effects of rotation on sugar beets in the Red River Valley
     J. C. Tanner
86
   
Preliminary comparison of the effects of Leguminous and non-leguminous green manures on sugar beet production
     W. A. Williams, D. Ririe, H. L. Hall, F. J. Hills
90
   
Stand and yield of sugar beets, and weed populations as affected by: broadcast fertilization, mechanical thinning, application of herbicides and their interactions
     G. J. Hogaboam, H. W. Bockstahler, Buford H. Grigsby, George W. French
95
   
Irrigation and fertility studies on sugar beets at Logan, Utah
     Vaughn E. Hansen, Jay L. Haddock
106
   
Sugar beet irrigation experiments in Wyoming—
    
W. McNab Miller,
Jay R. Partridge, Carrol Tyler
112
   
Progress report on irrigation experiment—Rader farm, Saginaw, Michigan
     Hal B. Reeve, Ernest H. Kidder
120
   
Chemical Weed Control And Soil Conditioners
   
The control of annual grasses in sugar beets with Dalapon
     L. E. Warren
124
   
Grass control in sugar beets with the herbicides IPC, TCA and DCU
     R. T. Nelson
130
   
Pre-emergence applications of a combination of TCA and Endothal show promise for control of grassy and broadleaf weeds in sugar beets
     C. E. Cormany
135
Results with IPC spraying in Eastern Montana.-
     E. G. Eckroth
135
   
The use of chemical additives to control soil crusting and increase emergence of sugar beet seedlings
     Bruce L. Baird, Joseph J. Bonnemann, Arch W. Richards
136
   
Influence of Krilium soil conditioner on sugar content of beets
     C. H. Smith
143
   
Problems connected with high beet populations
     L. J. Holmes, Curzon Kay
147
   
Estimate of space occupied proposed as a measure of sugar beet stands
     G. W. Deming
151
   
Cultural practices related to yields and germination of sugar beet seed
     R. A. Pendleton
157
   
Comparison of hand and machine thinning of sugar beets
     Albert S. Hunter, John A. Yungen
161
   
Sugar beet planting date studies in Imperial Valley, California
     Charles Price, Don C. Fife, B. A. Krantz
164
   
Experiences with sugarbeet on land flooded by the sea
     H. Rietberg
168
   
Sugar losses caused by frost defoliation
     F. H. Peto
171
   
The influence of Maleic Hydrazide on bolting and yield of overwintered sugar beets in California
     D. Ririe, L. M. Burtch, F. J. Hills
176
   
Entomology and Plant Pathology  
   
Outbreaks of beet leafhoppers north and east of the permanent breeding areas
     J. R. Douglass
185
   
Curly top moves east
     N. J. Giddings
194
   
Relative curly-top resistance of sugar beet varieties in the seedling stage
     N. J. Giddings
197
   
Beet leafhopper outlook statements
     Howard E. Dorst
201
   
Chromatography as a method of attack on the problem of the chemical nature of resistance of sugar beets to curly top
     J. M. Fife
207
   
Sugar beet virus yellows influences subsequent curly top infection
     N. J. Giddings
212
   
Effect of virus yellows on the yield and sucrose percentage of the sugar beet at Salinas, California, in 1952
     J. S. McFarlane, C. W. Bennett, A. S. Costa
215
   
Results of an experiment in Colorado to appraise effects of virus yellows in sugar beet
     G. H. Coons, John O. Gaskill, Leslie B. Daniels
219
   
Histological changes produced by virus yellows in sugar beet leaves
     C. F. Lackey
225
   
Observation and studies of virus yellows of sugar beet in California
     C. W. Bennett, A. S. Costa
230
   
Effect of virus yellows on yield and sucrose content of sugar beet in tests at Riverside, California
     C. W. Bennett, Charles Price, Glenn E. Gillespie
236
   
An alternaria leaf spot of the sugar beets
     J. S. McFarlane, Roy Bardin, William C. Snyder
241
   
Methods of inoculating sugar beets with Aphanomyces cochlioides drechs
     C. L. Schneider
247
   
Correlation between sugar beet crop losses and greenhouse determinations of soil infestation by Aphanomyces cochlioides
     H. C. Fink, W. F. Buchholtz
252
   
Field trails with soil row treatment for the control of damping-off of sugar beets         
     Torrey Lyons, L. D. Leach, F. J. Hills
260
   
A comparison of several methods of testing sugar beet strains and individual roots for resistance to storage pathogens
     John O. Gaskill
264
   
Identification of some materials in root exudates of nematode (Heterodera Schachtii, Schmidt) host plants
     R. R. Wood, R. F. Serro
271
   
Endrin — a new insecticide for sugar beet webworm control
     R. E. Hamman, R. T. Nelson
276
   
Agricultural Engineering  
   
Minimum seed bed preparation
     M. G. Frakes
281
   
An improved method of applying fertilizer to sugar beets
     M. G. Frakes, H. L. Draher
285
   
Preventative weed control — methods and equipment
     John T. Maletic
291
   
Planting for machine thinning
     L. A. Lohmeier
296
   
Status of spring mechanization in the Michigan area
     M. C. Henderson
299
   
Thinning trials in Eastern Montana
     E. G. Eckroth
302
   
Spring mechanization in the Red River Valley—1953
     H. A. Tvedten
305
   
Mechanical thinning of sugar beets in the area served by the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company
     Bion Tolman, Ronald C. Johnson
306
   
Five years' experience in complete mechanical thinning of sugar beets
     A. M. Watson, L. H. Henderson
309
   
A dynomometer for determination of the power requirements of a sugar beet thinner
     George W. French
313
   
Five years' mechanical harvesting experience with completely machine thinned beets
     A. M. Watson
318
   
Harvesting equipment
     George W. Nixon
320
   
Influence of machine harvest on receiving facilities
     Austin Armer
324
   
Relationship of screening to beet population
     L. J. Holmes, Curzon Kay
327
   
Comparative efficiency of rubber and steel Rienks screens
     Charles R. Johnson
330
   
End dump arrangements on old and new receiving equipment
     R. W. Brandt
333
   
Beet receiving equipment
     Glen W. Yeager
337
   
Improved beet sample taking with new-design pan
     Art Johnson
340
   
Basic beet piler design and its application to construction
     Read A. Wilkinson, J. G. Stone
344
   
Sugar beet storage problems
    L. R. Cool
353
   
Adapting the Marbeet Midget beet harvester to experimental plot harvest
     R. E. Johnson
356
   
Conserving and handling beet tops
     E. L. Swift
357
   
Irrigation of sugar beets  
     Ivan D. Wood
362
   
Equipment for beet seed treating
     L. A. Kloor
366
   
Seed treating machinery
     George E. Walters
372
   
Processing and testing of monogerm seed
     L. A. Kloor, George E. Walters, G. E. Rush, Charles Price, Austin Armer
376
   
Field stands obtained from plantings of variously processed mono- and multi-germ
sugar beet seed

     George E. Walters
379
   
Genetics and Variety Improvment  
   
Inheritance of the number of flowers in flower clusters of Beta vulgaris L.
     V. F. Savitsky
II-3
   
Relation between the weight of fruit and weight of germ in mono- and multigerm beets.
     V. F. Savitsky
II-16
   
Sugar content in mono- and multigerm sugarbeet hybrids, carrying the gene m isolated from Michigan hybrid 18 and the gene m from variety US 22/3
     V. F. Savitsky,  George K. Ryser
II-23
   
Self-sterility and self-fertility in monogerm beets
     Helen Savitsky
II-29
   
Study of inheritance for curly top resistance in hybrids between mono- and multigerm beets
     V. F. Savitsky,  Albert M. Murphy
II-34
   
Preliminary yield tests with F 1 male-sterile monogerm hybrid sugar beets.
     F. V. Owen, Albert M. Murphy, C. H. Smith and George K. Ryser
II-45
   
A monogerm gene from MW 391
     Donald F. Peterson
II-49
   
Obtaining tetraploid monogenn self fertile, self sterile, and male sterile beets
     Helen Savitsky
II-50
   
General combining ability of sugar beet inbreds as determined with two different top cross testers
     R. K. 0ldemeyer
II-59
   
Hybrid sugar beets made by utilizing both cytoplasmic and mendelian male sterility
     F. V. Owen
II-64
   
The relative performance of some non-rogued male sterile hybrids
     George E. Rush
II-65
   
Mixing various percentages of the male parent seed with male sterile seed for hybridization and the subsequent effect on the productive ability of hybrids
     P. A. Reeve, Sam C. Campbell
II-70
   
Cooperative testing of inbreds-three years' results--1951-53
     H. E. Brewbaker, C. W. Doxtator
II-75
   
The effect of successive seed increases by the overwintering method on the non-bolting characteristics of two relatively non-bolting varieties of sugar beets
     Russell T. Johnson
II-79
   
A rapid method of making a non-bolting selection in sugar beets
     Russell T. Johnson
II-84
   
New non-bolting and mildew-resistant seed releases
     J. S. McFarlane
II-88
   
Testing sugar beet varieties for their resistance to Aphanomyces, Rhizoctonia and Fusarium root rots
     M. M. Afanasiev, H. E. Morris
II-90
   
A summary of results in the breeding for resistance to Aphanomyces Cochlioides (Drecks) by the American Crystal Sugar Company since 1942
     C. W Doxtator, R. E. Finkner
II-94
   
Beet varietal and species reactions to the 1953 curly top exposure at Jerome, Idaho
     Albert M. Murphy, N. J. Giddings
II-99
   
Possibilities of breeding for tolerance against virus yellows and beet eelworm
     H. Rietberg
II-104
   
Breeding for resistance to the sugar beet nematode
     J. F. Swink
II-109
   
Evaluation tests in 1953 of US 400 and related black root and leaf spot-resistant varieties of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
     G. H. Coons, Dewey Stewart, H. W. Bockstahler, G. W. Deming, J. 0. Gaskill, G.J. Hogaboam, C. L. Schneider
II-112
   
Characterization of sugar beet varieties on the basis of their internal structure together with the effect of environment on the variability of diagnostic character in in bred lines
     Ernst Artschwager
II-118
   
Breeding for improvement of processing characteristics of sugar beet varieties
     R. R. Wood
II-125
   
Progeny test of sugar beet roots selected for low respiration rate
     R. T. Nelson
II-134
   
Yield and quality of certain sugar beet varieties harvested at weekly intervals
     H, L. Bush
II-137
   
Forms of nitrogen as related to sugar beet seed production in Oregon
     R . A. Pendleton
II-140
   
The wild species of Beta
     G. H. Coons
II-142
   
Viable hybrids from matings of chard with Beta procumbens and B. webbiana
     John 0. Gaskill
II-148
   
Viable interspecific hybrids between wild species in the section vulgares and species in the section patellares in the genus Beta
     R, K. Olderneyer
II-153
   
A grafting technique enabling an unthrifty interspecific hybrid of Beta to survive
     Gerald E. Coe
II-157
   
Time-saving techniques and increased accuracy using the punched card system in experimental work
     G. J. Hogaboam
II-161
   
Methods of sugar beet selection in the USSR
     A. Archimowitsch
II-166
   
Chemistry and Factory Operation  
   
Design factors which affect the heat balance of a beet sugar factory
     E. B. Cole
II-175
   
Increased sugar end capacity at Betteravia resulting from changes in equipment and operation
     Allan Woods
II-181
   
Experience with Vincent pulp drier and pneumatic conveying of dried beet pulp at
Woodland

     Temple C. Rowe
II-185
   
Lime kiln design and operation
     A . A. Clark
II-190
   
Factory automatic control methods
     Sylvester M. Heiner
II-197
   
The 48 inch x 30 inch continuous automatic recycling centrifugal
     Anthony H. Stuhlreyer
II-207
   
Elimination of trash between flumes and slicers
    J. L. Porterfield, E. B. Cowan
II-213
   
The corrosion problem in the beet sugar factory
     E. B. Cole
II-220
   
Lactic acid fermentation in beet processing juices
     J. B. Stark, A. E. Goodban, H. S. Owens
II-227
   
Lactic acid in sugar beet processing liquors
     Hugh G. Rounds
II-232
   
A bacteriological investigation of a Silver scroll type diffuser
     Margret P. Mowatt, John Landysheff, W. W. Blankenbach
II-236
   
Studies of lactic acid in the Silver battery
     Lloyd W. Norman, Guy 0. Rorabaugh
II-242
   
Waste water treatment and waste disposal in the eastern area
     J. E. Lindrooth
II-248
   
Water conservation and process water utilization in the beet sugar industry
     J. E. Browning
II-254
   
Factory waste stabilization by aeration on Iarge fields
     E. H. Hungerford
II-258
   
Stream pollution abatement legislation
     L. T. Jensen
II-260
   
Composition and percentage of marc in some varieties of inbred sugar beets
     H. S. Owens, Elizabeth A. McComb, George W. Deming
II-267
   
Determination of sugar beet purity by use of mechanical blenders
     Julian R. Johnson
II-272
   
A method for determination of this juice purity from individual mother beets
     Robert J. Brown, Robert F. Serro
II-274
   
Further experiences with algins
     H. E. Halden, Somers Moore
II-279
   
An experimental micro filter
     Waller 0. Bernhardt
II-284
   
Theory and economics of diffusion
     Hugh G. Rounds, Frank N. Rawlings
II-289
   
Investigation of factors influencing the Sachs-Le Docte method
     W . D. Maclay, E. F. Potter, R. F. Erlandsen, H. S. Owens
II-298
   
Factors affecting the determination of sugar in beets by the Sachs-Le Docte method
     E. H. Hungerford, C. H . Koontz
II-303
   
Round-table discussion of " lime salts"
     R. A. McGinnis, Moderator
II-310
   
Physiology  
   
The physiology of the growth of sugar beets
     F. W. Went
II-319
   
Growth and development of sugar beet plants at two nitrogen levels in a controlled temperature greenhouse
     AIbert Ulrich
II-325
   
Physiology of growth, sugar accumulation and mineral intake of sugar beets in Montana
     M. M. Afanasiev, E. E. Frahm, H. E. Morris, W. B. Johnston
II-339
   
Effect of quantity of mineral nutrients on germination and seedling growth of sugar beets
     F. W. Snyder
II-340
   
The relation of soil water levels to mineral nutrition of sugar beets
     Omer J. Kelley, Jay L. Haddock
II-344
   
The need of basic research in phosphate fertilization problems of sugar beets
     Sterling R. Olsen
II-357
   
Effect of method of application on the availability of phosphate for sugar beets
    J. T. Schmehl, Sterling R. Olsen, Robert Gardner
II-363
   
The effect of fertilizer applications on leaf analysis and yield of sugar beets
     J. T. Alexander, Clyde C. Schmer, Louis P. Orleans, R. H. Cotton
II-370
   
Starvation signs, when and why?
     R. L. Cook
II-380
   
I. The effect of fertilization on the glutamic acid content of sugar beets in relation to sugar production.
II. Nitrogen fertilization in the Woodland, California, area

     Lucile R. Hac, Albert C. Walker, M. Louisa Long
II-386
   
The significance of single gene reactions in sugar beets
     F. V. Owen
II-392
   
Inter-relation between weight of seed and fruit and utilitarian characters in inbred
lines and hybrids of monogerm sugar beets

     V. F. Savitsky, George K. Ryser, George E. Rush, C. P. Parrish
II-399
   
Some factors that affect the respiration rate of sugar beets
     Myron Stout
II-404
   
A method for determining respiration rate and sampling for chemical analysis of individual sugar beets
     Myron Stout
II-410
   
Some recent advances in the physiology and biochemistry of respiration
     Myron Stout
II-417
   
The nutrition of cattle and sheep
     Russell E. Davis
II-424
   
Grainless beet by-product rations
     W. A. Harris, R. H. Cotton
II-431