American Society of Sugar Beet Technologists
Proceedings from the 26th Biennial Meeting
Februrary 24-27, 1991
Monterey, California
General Session
Prospects for United States Sugar Beets, 1991 - 1995
     Merrill Bateman.
 1 
   
Crop Protection Chemicals - our Biggest Concern
     Dr. Earl C. Spurrier
43
Changes in Eastern Eruope
     Laruent Weickmans
47
Presidential Address
     Roger W. Hill
61
 
   

 Agronomy
Oral Presentations
 Agronomy  Genetics  Disease & Insects  Biotechnology
Operations Section
  Chemistry  Operations Page
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Section A -AGRONOMY
   
Effect of seeding depth, herbicide and variety on sugarbeet emergence, vigor and yield
     Robert G. Wilson, J. A. Smith and C. D.Yongs
 67 
Planting depth, time of planting and secondary tillage interactions on sugarbeet emergence
     J. F. Giles, A. W. Cattanach and N. R. Cattanach
67
   
Determing the effect of planting date on beet quality and yield
     Lee A. Hubbell
 68 
   
Response of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris) to soybean (Glycine max) herbicide residues in soil
     Karen A. Renner and Gary E. Powell
 72 
   
The impact of higher populations in 28" and 30" rows on recoverable white sugar per acre
     Lee A. Hubbell
 73 
   
Sugarbeet yield comparison of 14, 22, 30 and 38-inch row width and optimization of the in-row spacing for each row width
     C. Dean Yonts, J. A. Smith, Karen L. Palm and Robert G. Wilson.
 75 
   
Management options for sugarbeet stand establishment
     K. James Fernstrom, Stephen D. Miller, Larry Held and Paul Burgener . .
 75 
   
Holly Sugar's Comprehensive Computerized Agricultural Information System
     Terry W. Anvik and Dr. Donald Dickenson
 76 
   
Nitrogen fertilizer experiments with sugarbeet in the Red River Valley
     John T. Moraghan and K. Horsager
 82 
   
The Use of Satellite Technology for Grower Information Dissemination
     Thomas D. Knudsen
 82 
   
Split application of N on sugarbeets
     J. L. A. Eckhoff
 83 
   
Application of Post-Planting Fertilizer Material to Growing Sugarbeets
     J. F. Giles, A. W. Cattanach and N. R. Cattanach
 83 
   
A decade of growth and expansion for both company and growers
     Paul D. Pfenninger
 83 
   
A Comprehensive Approach to Effective Weed Control Can Be Cost Effective
     Douglas W. Rains, Alan G. Dexter, Phillip Brimhall and Stephen D. Miller
 84 
   
Fall managements for weed control in sugar beets
     G. F. Stallknecht and L. N. Thompson
 88 
   
Effect of Sequential Preemergence and Postemergence Herbicide Treatments on Weed control and Sugarbeet Performance
     Peter Bergen
 89 
   
Evaluation of Clopyralid for Weed Control in California Sugar Beet Fields
     Bill B. Fischer, Thomas A. Babb and Kurt J. Hembree
 97 
   
Simulated herbicide drift and carryover in sugarbeet
     Alan G. Dexter and John L. Luecke
103
   
Postemergence Canada thistle and green foxtail control in sugarbeets
     Stephen Miller and K. James Fornstrom
104
In furrow cover crops for sugarbeet protection from wind erosion
     K. James Fernstrom, Stephen D. Miller and James K. Krall
104
   
Production of Sugarbeet in Living Cover Crops
     James B. Stordahl, Alan G. Dexter and Allan W. Cattanach
105
   
Control of living cover crop in sugarbeet
     James B. Stordahl, Alan G. Dexter and Allan W. Cattanach
110
   
Low Input Sustainable Agriculture (LISA) and Sugarbeet Production in Minnesota and North Dakota
     Allan W. Cattanach, Alan G. Dexter and Larry S. Smith
111
   
Computerization of the sugarbeet field crop record
     Larry E. Gholson, W. Wimmer and B. Finger
113
   
Forecasting yield with neural networks
     Michael Kearney, Kathy Hieb, Beverly Crothers and Del Traveller
113
   
Sugarbeet nitrogen management for maximum profit and environmental protection
     A. W. Cattanach, J. A. Lamb and D. Hilde
114
   
Plant density and N rate effects on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) harvesting timing
     Joseph G. Lauer
114
   
Fertilizer N response of sugarbeets irrigated with high-nitrate water
     R. L. Sailsbery and G. S. Pettygrove
115
   
Influence of nitrogen rate on soil nitrate level and sugar production in Ohio
     Walter H. Schmidt
115
   
Nitrogen uptake by sugar beets from various depth in the soil
     Donald R. Christenson and G. M. Zinati
116
   
Nitrogen management in cropping systems of sugarbeets and grain crops
     S. R. Winter
117
   
Comparison of leif petiole and chlorophyll meter techniques to evaluate N status of sugarbeet
     J. S. Schepers, J. Krall, R. Fullmer, J. Poore, K. Davis and M. Schefcik
117
   
Nutrient balance and sugarbeet yield
     Dechang Xu
118
   
Zinc Fertilzier for Sugarbeet Grown in Minnesota and North Dakota
     J. A. Lamb and A. W. Cattanach
118
   
Sugarbeet Response to the Plant Growth Regulator TRIGGRR in the San Joaquin Valley of California
     C. A. Frate, B. B. Fischer, T. A. Babb and T. R. Johnson
119
   
Low cost pile covering
     Don Bowers, Dell Traveller, Dennis Searle, Charles L. Peterson, Joe Thompson and R. V. Withers
123
   
SECTION B- Genetics and Germplasm
Improvement and performance of populations of sugarbeet x Beta maritima
     R. T. Lewellen and I. 0. Skoyen
125
   
Collection of wild sugarbeet species (Beta ssp.) from Europe
     Gerald J. Seiler and D. L. Doney
125
   
Beta germplasm evaluation
     Devon L. Doney
126
   
Dynamics of Fibrous root growth for selected sugarbeet germplasms
     A. J. M. Smucker and J. C. Theurer
126
   
Environmental selection during pollinator seed increase in sugar beet
     L. R. Tungland and R. H. Helmerick
127
   
Use of partially enclosed plastic structures for controlled matings in sugarbeets
     J. Miller, A. Quinn, J. R. Stander and R. Jansen
127
   
Response of sugarbeet line C31/6 to selection for resistance to beet yellows virus
     R. T. Lewellen and S. R. Temple
127
   
Screening for bolting tendency within sugarbeet populations
     R. T. Lewellen and S. R. Temple
128
   
Development of new male sterile cytoplasms of sugar beet
     Jizhi Wang, Hanqing Li, Dedong Guo and Shubiao Jia
128
   
Use of sugarbeet pollen for genetic assay and selection
     R. J. Hecker and M. E. McClintock
129
   
Observations on the occurrence and inheritance of some induced variations in sugarbeet
     M. H. Yu
129
   
Comparison of smooth taproot sugarbeet versus standard taproot cultivars at different plant densities
     J. C. Theurer
130
   
The acquirement of four sugar beet monosomic additions and observations of their meiotic behaviour
     Guizhi Wang, Hanging Li and Dedong Guo
130
   
Preliminary investigations of Beta cicla L. China
     Dedong Guo, Jizhi Wang, Yuhua Man and Shubiao Jia
130
   
American Crystal's Variety Approval System
     John J. Kern
131
   
Idaho-Oregon Variety Approval Policy and Variety Testing Program
     John J. Gallian
137
   
Testing and Approval of Sugarbeet Varieties by the Western Sugar Company/Grower Research Committee 141
   
Effects of Variety Approval Policy
     Jim Widner and Mark Bredehoeft
145
   
Sugar Beet Variety Approval in the E. C. with Particular Reference to UK and France
     A. David Hindle
148
   
SECTION C- Entomology and Plant Pathology  
   
A new sugar beet disorder in the Red River Valley
     Carol E. Windels and Roger K. Jones
151
   
Evaluation of hymexazol in control of damping-off in sugarbeet seedlings
     John O. Arensten
151
   
Reduction in Aphanomyces seedling disease of sugar beet by management of soil moisture
     C. M. Rush, K. M. Vaughn and J. E. Warner
152
   
Indexing sugar beet fields for root rot potential of Aphanomyces cochlioides
     Carol E. Windels and Donna J. Nabben-Schindler
152
   
Host specific and nonhost specific isolates of Fusarium oxysporum recover from sugar beet, spinach and red-root pigweed
     R. D. Martyn, E. A. Dillard and C. M. Rush
153
   
Isozyme relatedness and mtDNA RFPL groups of Fusarium oxysporum from sugar beet, spinach and red-root pigweed
     R. D. Martyn, D. H. Kim, E. A. Dillard and C. M . Rush
153
   
A pectin lyase inhibitor from sugar beet
     William M. Bugbee
154
   
Inoculum density of Polymyxa beetae and beet necrotic yellow vein virus in soils from California sugarbeet field fumigated and not fumigated with 1,3-dichloropropene
     J. S. Gerik and T. A. Babb
154
   
Evaluation of 1,3-dichloroprone soil fumigation and tolerant varieties on Califronia sugarbeet production in rhizomania infested soils
     T. A. Babb, J. L. Kimmell, J. S. Gerik and R. P. Heimforth
155
   
Temperature optima of California isolates of Polymyxa betae
     J. C. Hubbard and J. S. Gerik
165
   
Comparison of direct seeding and seeding transplanting on yield loss in sugarbeet due to rhizomania
     J. S. Gerik and Steveh R. Temple
165
   
Red River Valley, ND sugar beet root maggot control using terbufos in heavy pressure situations
     Scott D. Greenfield, R. W. Whitmore and S. P. Briggs
166
   
Development of a biopesticide targeting the sugarbeet root maggot
     Garry A. Smith
166
   
Trap crops for the sugarbeet cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii) I. Structure
     L. L. Hoefert and S. S. Martin
167
   
Trap crops for the sugarbeet cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii). II. Biochemistry
     S. S. Martin
167
   
Trap crops for the sugarbeet cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii). III. Susceptibility to fungal pathogens of sugar beet
     E. G. Ruppel
168
   
Non-Chemical Means to Reduce the Sugarbeet Cyst Nematode Population and Minimizing Yield Losses
     Saad L. Hafez
169
   
Effect of injection spacing and population density on nematicidal control of Heterodera schachtii
     G. D. Griffin
174
   
Factors affecting the economic threshold for Heterodera schachtii control in sugar beet
     Eric D. Kerr, James G. Robb and Daryl E. Ellis
174
   
Efficacy of single and combined applications of aldicarb and ethoprop to control Heterodera schachtii
     G. D. Griffin
175
   
Planting and harvesting alterations for the control of lettuce infectious yellows virus
     James E. Duffus and R. T. Lewellen
175
   
Unique beet western yellows virus isolates from California and Texas
     James E. Duffus and H. Y. Liu
176
   
Electron microscopy of sugarbeet leaves infected with Beet Distortion Mosaic Virus
     Gail L. Fail and L. L. Hoefert
176
   
Susceptibility of Atriplex sp. to beet curly top virus
     James E. Duffus, R. Perry, H. Y. Liu and C. Watson
177
   
New COUNTER 20CR systemic insecticide-nematicide for sugar beet growers
     Stephen P. Briggs and R. W. Whitmore
177
   
Method of applying COUNTER at planting
     David L. Zamora, R. W. Whitmore and S. P. Briggs
178
   
Closed handling system for COUNTER systemic insecticidenematicide
     T. R. Gourd and R. W. Whitmore
178
   
SECTION D - Chemistry and Instrumentation  
   
A Description of the Sugar Beet Tare Laboratory at Taber, Alberta
     Douglas J. Emek
179
   
The Development and Benefits of Sugarbeet Fiber
     J. Gary Fox
188
   
Brei filtrate analysis for melassigenic substances using a rapid flow analyzer linked to a flame photometer
     Steven N. Godby, Russell Dilley and Larry Gholson
193
   
Investigations of the Use of Near Infrared Spectroscopy for On-Line Juice Analyses
     William B. Kienzle
194
   
Analysis of sucrose, Raffinose, Betaine and Invert in Molasses and in the Extract and Raffinate Obtained from Ion Exclusion
     Bruce Pynnonen
219
   
Sugar Industry Applications of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Identification of Fiber Samples
     D. Eugene Rearick
274
   
Alternate Methods of Sucrose Analysis
     Upasiri Samaraweera and Larry Batterman
288
   
Precision of Inter-Laboratory Measurements
     Charles L. Schmalz and Jerry W. Steinmeyer
295
   
Boiling and Centrifuging of White Sugar Using a Distributed Control System
     Gary A. Snodgrass and Owen J. Olson
305
   
Design and Construction of a Small Scale Brei Sampler
     Evan A. Waa
319
   
Raffinose in the sugarbeet factory
     W. S. Charles Tsang and M. A. Clarke
325
   
The Effect of Filter Aids on Product Sugar Microbial Quality
     Mike Fowers
326
   
SECTION E- Physiology and Biotechnology  
   
Physiological and genetic basis of sulfonylurea herbicide resistance obtained from somatic cell selection
     Joseph W. Saunders, Stephen E. Hart and Donald Penner
337
   
Photochemical capacity limits photosynthesis of sugar beets udner field conditions by decreasing the C02-acceptor, ribulose bisdphosphate
     Norman Terry, A. R. Arulanantham and I. M. Rao
337
   
Variety Determination by Differential Isozyme Responses Using Electrophoretic Starch Gels 338
   
Isoenzyme fingerprinting and in vitro shoot multiplication in Beta lomatogona Fisc. et Mey
     Joseph W. Saunders, William P. Daley, George Acquaah and M. H. Yu
345
   
Sugars and impurities in peel and interior of Beta vulgaris: changes under high-quality storage
     Judy A. Narum and Susan S. Martin
345
   
Sugars and impurities in Beta vulgaris cultivars after pile storage
     Judy A. Narum and Susan S. Martin
346
   
Isolation of Agrobacterium tumefaciens from Beta vulgaris for enhanced transformation of sugarbeet
     J. D. Eide, G. A. Smith and C. A. Wozniak
346
   
Modification of basic tissue culture methods increases regenerative potential of sugarbeet leaf discs
     Chris A. Wozniak and Lowell D. Owens
347
   
Measurement and effect of gel water potential on growth of sugarbeet leaf disks and production of morphogenic callus
     Lowell D. Owens and C. A. Wozniak
347
   
Effects of Genotype, Subculture Interval and Growth Regulators on Shoot Regeneration from SeriallySubcultured Hormone-Autonomous Sugarbeet (Beta
vulgaris L) Callus

     William P. Ooley and Joseph W. Saunders
348
   
Enzyme activities and total amino acid content in rhizomania susceptible, tolerant an dpartially resistant sugar beet varieties at different nitrogen levels
     Paolo Spettoli, G. Pasini, G. Vaccari and G. Mantovani
349
   
SECTION F - Factory Operations  
   
Thin Juice Softening Using the Gryllus Process
     Eric Ekern
351
   
The NRS for Sugar Juice Deliming: Renewed Interest Due to Recent Developments in the U.S. Beet Sugar Industry
     Xavier Lancrenon
359
   
Design and Construction of a Thin Juice Softener System at the Mini-Cassia Factory
     Wayne R. Shippen
382
   
Five Years' Experience with Weak cation Softening on Thin Juice
     Tom Henscheid, Larry Velasquez and Dave Meacham
383
   
Chromatographic Separator Extract Processing or What the Hect is Extract and What Am I Supposed to do With It?
     Victor J. Jaro, Gary Pool and Kay Schwarz
396
   
Mechanical Vapro Recompression for Evaporation Requirements of Chromatographic Separator By-Product Streams
     Alan W. Hieb and John Chronic
415
   
Comparison of Concentrated Separator By-Product to Molasses as an Animal Feed Source
     Dennis Costesso
425
   
The Advantages of Thick Juice Filtration Over Standard Liquor Filtration at Hamilton City
     David Earl Jury
433
   
A Novel Method of Filter Aid Handling
     James E. Kustere, Jr
438
   
Low Raw Magma Study
     Dr. Laszlo Toth
448
   
A New Apparatus for Drying and Cooling of Crystal Sugar Operating by the Fluidized-Bed Principle
      E. D. Bosse
473
   
Separation of Magnetic Particles from Bulk Sugar Flows
     Herbert C. Wilson
486
   
Installation of Three New Automatic Bagging Machines to Package Granulated and Confectioners Type Sugars at the C and H Refinery
     Johan Jongens
504
   
Lasercut Stainless Steel Centrifugal Screens
     P. Atherton, M. Brandt, K. Crane and P. Donaldson
514
   
Operation & Sterilization of an 8,000 ton per day Tower Diffuser with Counter-current Mixer
     Nasser Shoaee
515
   
Foundry Coke, the process of producing foundry coke
     John R. Baker, Jr
526
   
Lime Kiln Operation Improvements
     Ed Bulgin
527
   
FluoSolids Reactor Calcining of Lime Mud for the Sugar Beet Industry
     Laura K. Burns and Lewis W. Clark
536
   
Improved Factory Operation through Optimized Juice Purification
     Doug Russell
543
   
A Unique Method to Control Settling of First Carbonation Juice
     David 0. Larson, John M. Helge and Edward L. Flock
551
   
Long term thick juice storage
     Alan Swenson
561
   
Performance monitoring of biocides in mill water systems used to minimize corrosion and microbiological fouling
     Chris D. Morrison
561
   
A Comparison of Three Techniques Used in the Assessment of the Efficacy of Biocides and Sanitizer for Microorganism Control in Factory Diffusers
     Indrani S. R. Samaraweera and D. L. Berg
563
   
Drying of Beet Pulp in Superheated Stearn
     Arne Sloth Jensen and Visti Andersson
571
   
Investment Decisions Using the SUGARS Computer Program
     L. Warner Weiss
587
   
Continuous Pan for Boiling Beet Syrup
     Jean-Pierre Monclin and Philip Ledoux.
607